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ORGANIC CHEMISTRY

ORGANIC CHEMISTRY


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1. Aromatic Electrophilic and Nucleophilic Reactions 1
1.1 Aromatic Electrophilic Substitution Reactions 2
1.1.1 General Mechanism for Electrophilic Substitution Reactions of Benzene 4
1.1.2 Effect of Substituent Group 5
1.1.3 o/p Directing Substituents 6
1.1.4 Meta Directing Substituents 11
1.1.5 Classification of Substituent Group 13
1.1.6 Mechanism of Reactions 17
1.2 Aromatic Nucleophilic Substitution Reactions 30
1.2.1 SNAr (Aromatic Nucleophilic Substitution) 30
1.2.2 Benzyne 33
2. Carbanions and Their Reactions 1
2.1 Formation and Stability of Carbanions 2
2.1.1 Formation of Carbanion 2
2.1.2 Stability of Carbanions 3
2.2 Reactions Involving Carbanion 6
2.2.1 Aldol Condensation 6
2.2.2 Claisen Ester Condensation 9
2.2.3 Dieckmann Condensation 11
2.2.4 Perkin Reaction 11
2.3 Synthesis and Synthetic Applications of Some Compounds 12
2.3.1 Malonic Ester 12
2.3.2 Acetoacetic Ester 18
2.3.3 Wittig Reagent 24
3. Retrosynthetic Analysis and Applications 1
3.1 Introduction 2
3.2 Some Important Terms in Retrosynthesis 2
3.3 Retrosynthetic Approach 5
3.4 One Group Disconnection 6
3.5 Synthesis of Target Molecules 6
4. Spectroscopic Methods in Structure Determination of Organic Compounds 1
4.1 spectroscopy 2
4.1.1 Electromagnetic Radiations 3
4.1.2 Properties of a Wave 3
4.1.3 Regions of Electromagnetic Radiations 7
4.2 Interaction of Radiation with Matter 8
4.3 Types of Spectroscopy 10
4.3.1 Two Types of Spectra 10
4.3.2 Types of Spectroscopic Methods 11
5. Ultra Violet Spectroscopy 1
5.1 Introduction 2
5.1.1 Vacuum Ultra Violet Region 3
5.1.2 Beer-Lambart’s Law 4
5.1.3 Absorption of UV Radiation by Organic Molecule leading to Different Excitation 5
5.1.4 Terms Used in UV Spectroscopy 8
5.2 Effect of Conjugation on Position of U.V. Band 10
5.2.1 Conjugation in Similar Chromophores 10
5.2.2 Conjugation in Different Chromophores 12
5.3 Calculation of lmax by Woodward and Fieser Rule 13
5.3.1 For Dienes 13
5.3.2 For Enones 16
5.4 Colour and Visible Spectrum 18
5.5 Application of UV Spectroscopy 19
5.6 Effect of Solvent Polarity on n ® p* and p ® p* Transitions in UV Spectroscopy 20
6. Infra Red Spectroscopy 1
6.1 Introduction 2
6.1.1 Parts of IR Spectrum 2
6.1.2 Principle of IR Spectroscopy 3
6.1.3 Fundamental Modes of Vibrations 4
6.1.4 Types of Vibrations 5
6.2 Conditions for Absorption of IR Radiations 8
6.3 Functional Group Region of IR Spectrum 10
6.4 Characteristics of I.R. Absorption of Some Functional Groups 12
6.5 Factors Affecting IR Absorption 23
6.6 Applications of IR Spectroscopy 30
7. NMR spectroscopy 1
7.1 Introduction 2
7.1.1 Principles of PMR Spectroscopy 2
7.1.2 Magnetic Moment and Magnetic Field 3
7.1.3 Flipping of Spin 4
7.1.4 Precessional Motion of Nuclei 5
7.1.5 NMR - Instrumentation 5
7.1.6 Number of NMR Signals 7
7.2 Chemical Shift and Shielding 10
7.2.1 Tetramethyl Silane: A Standard Reference 12
7.2.2 Effect of Molecular Structure on Chemical Shift 12
7.3 Peak Area: Integration 17
7.4 Spin-Spin Coupling 19
7.4.1 Rules of Spin-Spin Coupling 23
7.4.2 Coupling Constant J 24
7.4.3 Types of Coupling 25
8. Natural Products 1
8.1 Terpenoids 2
8.1.1 Isolation 2
8.1.2 Purification of Essential Oil 3
8.1.3 Classification of Terpenoids 4
8.1.4 Isoprene Rule 5
8.1.5 Citral 6
8.2 Alkaloids 12
8.2.1 Occurrence 12
8.2.2 Extraction and Purification of Alkaloids 12
8.2.3 General Properties of Alkaloids 13
8.2.4 Examples of Alkaloids 14
8.2.5 Ephedrine 14

Academic Details

  • Phase Graduation

  • Stream Science

  • Branch General Science

  • Standard/Year Thirdyear

  • Semester Ii

  • Medium English

  • Board/University Pune

  • Subject Organic Chemistry

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ORGANIC CHEMISTRY

ORGANIC CHEMISTRY

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