1. Cost Accounting 1.1 Introduction 1.2 The concept of cost accounting 1.3 The functions and scope of cost accounting 1.4 Objectives of cost accounting 1.5 Distinction between financial accounting and cost accounting 1.6 Elements of cost Illustration 2. Methods of Costing 2.1 Introduction 2.2 Definition 2.3 Need for various methods 2.4 Methods of costing Problems on contract costing Problems on process costing Problems on inter-process profit Problems joint-product and by-product 3. Management Accounting A. Management Accounting 3.1 Meaning of management accounting 3.2 Definitions 3.3 The scope of management accounting 3.4 Functions of management accounting 3.5 Importance of management accounting 3.6 Objectives of management accounting 3.7 Principal systems and techniques 3.8 Advantages of management accounting 3.9 Limitations of management accounting 3.10 Distinction between cost accounting and management accounting 3.11 Distinction between financial accounting and management accounting B. Ratio Analysis 3.12 Meaning 3.13 Objectives 3.14 Nature of ratio analysis 3.15 Advantages 3.16 Interpretation of ratios 3.17 Uses of accounting ratios 3.18 Limitations of ratio analysis 3.19 Classification of ratio Illustration C. Break-Even Anaysis 3.20 Introduction 3.21 Meaning 3.22 Definition 3.23 Assumptions 3.24 Uses 3.25 Limitations 3.26 Contribution 3.27 Marginal cost equation 3.28 Profit / volume ratio 3.29 Break-even-point (B.E. Point) 3.30 Margin of safety 3.31 Break-even chart 3.32 Assumptions 3.33 Angle of incidence Illustration 4. Fund Flow Statement A. Fund flow statement 4.1 Meaning of management accounting 4.2 Meaning of fund 4.3 Meaning of flow of fund 4.4 Meaning of fund flow statement 4.5 Importance of fund flow statement 4.6 Advantages of funds flow statement 4.7 Limitations of fund flow statement 4.8 Proforma of a funds flow statement 4.9 Preparation of funds flow statement Illustration B. Budget and Budgetary Control 4.10 Meaning of ‘Budget’ 4.11 Budget characteristics 4.12 Meaning of ‘Budgetary Control’ 4.13 Objectives of budgetary control 4.14 Advantages of budgetary control 4.15 Limitations of budgetary control 4.16 Essential conditions for budgetary control 4.17 Types of budgets
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